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Table 1.1: SOHO payload

The investigations on-board SOHO (Table 1.1) can be divided into three main groups, according to their area of research : helioseismology, solar atmospheric remote sensing, and ``in situ'' particle measurements.

The helioseismology investigations primarily aim at the study of those parts of the solar oscillations spectrum that cannot be obtained from the ground. The required sensitivity for observing the very low modes () and the high modes () is difficult to achieve from the ground because of noise effects introduced by the Earth's diurnal rotation for the low modes, and the transparency and seeing fluctuations of the Earth's atmosphere for the high modes.

Solar atmospheric remote sensing
The solar atmosphere remote sensing investigations are carried out with a set of telescopes and spectrometers that will produce the data necessary to study the dynamic phenomena that take place in the solar atmosphere at and above the chromosphere. The plasma will be studied by spectroscopic measurements and high resolution images at different levels of the solar atmosphere. Plasma diagnostics obtained with these instruments will provide temperature, density, and velocity measurements of the material in the outer solar atmosphere.

``In situ'' measurements
The instruments to measure ``in situ'' the composition of the solar wind and energetic particles will determine the elemental and isotopic abundances, the ionic charge states and velocity distributions of ions originating in the solar atmosphere. The energy ranges covered will allow the study of the processes of ion acceleration and fractionation under the various conditions.

SOHO Archive
Fri Apr 28 14:32:42 EDT 1995